USGS Update 2005-Jul-26 10:10

Crater views taken on 2005-Jul-23/25

Potential ash hazards: Wind forecasts from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), coupled with eruption models, show that any ash clouds that rise above the crater rim today would drift southeastward, except at low altitude this morning when they could also drift westward.

Recent observations: Rockfalls continue to occur from the steep spine on the growing lava dome. One happened a short time ago and produced a diffuse ash cloud visible from the metropolitan area that just cleared the crater rim. Last evening’s (shortly after 9 p.m. PDT) M=5.6 earthquake in southwestern Montana was clearly recorded on the seismic stations around Mount St. Helens as a several-minutes-long signal. Several crews are at work in the field. A program starts today to systematically sample spring waters from the crater and flanks of the volcano. Volcanic gases can be dissolved in ground water and slightly increase levels of chloride, sulfate, and other chemicals. Heat can also raise the temperature of the water.

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Standard USGS Update

Growth of the new lava dome inside the crater of Mount St. Helens continues, accompanied by low rates of seismicity, low emissions of steam and volcanic gases, and minor production of ash. During such eruptions, episodic changes in the level of activity can occur over days to months. The eruption could also intensify suddenly or with little warning and produce explosions that cause hazardous conditions within several miles of the crater and farther downwind. Small lahars could suddenly descend the Toutle River if triggered by heavy rain or by interaction of hot rocks with snow and ice. These lahars pose a negligible hazard below the Sediment Retention Structure (SRS) but could pose a hazard along the river channel upstream.

Potential ash hazards to aviation: Under current eruptive conditions, small, short-lived explosions may produce ash clouds that exceed 30,000 feet in altitude. Ash from such events can travel 100 miles or more downwind.

The U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Washington continue to monitor the situation closely and will issue additional updates and changes in alert level as warranted.

My intent with this page is to provide a clearning house for links to the current activity at Mt.St.Helens. Please send me any links of interest that you may come across, whether for permanent sites or for news reports. I'm not going to be able to do this all alone and all help will be appreciated.

(Disclaimer— I have no association with anyone or any organization, and speak only for myself. Links and quotes are provided for information only.)

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